Long-term Conditions

A long-term condition is one that cannot be cured but can be managed through medication and/or therapy. Around 15 million people in England, or almost one in three of the population, have a long-term condition. This number has fallen in recent years as people become better able and supported to manage their condition. More information and help about living with a long-term condition is available on the NHS Choices website

Living with a long-term condition brings challenges, and it's important to have the confidence, support and information to take control of your condition. This is called self-care, which means looking after yourself in a healthy way, whether it’s taking your medicine properly or doing some exercise.

Self care doesn't mean you need to manage on your own. You can expect lots of support from the NHS, including:

  • Healthy Lifestyle Support.  Helping you improve your diet and exercise regime.
  • Information.  Advice about your condition and its treatment.
  • Training.  Helping you feel more confident about living with your condition.
  • Tools and Equipment.  Making life at home easier.
  • Support Networks.  Helping you find people to share your experiences with. 

Diabetes is a long-term condition caused by the pancreas either not producing any insulin at all, not producing enough insulin, or producing insulin that is unable to work properly. This results in too much glucose (sugar) in the blood.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a collection of lung diseases including Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema and Chronic Obstructive Airways Disease.

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. The virus attacks the immune system, and weakens your ability to fight infections and disease.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection spread through inhaling tiny droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person. It is a serious condition but can be cured with proper treatment.

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